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  近几年的4级作文题基本上都以讲求考生就某种现实处境或意见宣布自身的见地,内容多是考生所熟习的社会火爆话题或博士生活难点。写好肆级作文有三个关键点:第二,依照英文的发挥习惯来计划撰写结构;第二,用自个儿纯熟的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出本人的理念和理念。因而,老师将依照起承转合的协会布局,为大家详细介绍一下作文中常用的要害涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家肆级写作提供可行的资料。

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  (一)起

一、起初句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续起始,多数过初试的考生已经开首了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担忧的是英语复试的备考。能否赢得末了的打响,西班牙语复试是壹人命关天。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自笔者介绍还足以提前背1背,可假诺抽到多个无限制的话题让我们进行叙述的话,就会有自然的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍三种张开话题的主意,希望大家能够选用上,使和谐的讲话表明更为的不可磨灭流利有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

二.It goes without saying that… 由此可见,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以一定地说……

  因果法是用来讲明“为何”的主题素材。我们得以依照1个结果去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后经过要合乎逻辑和法则。例如:“你为什么报考学士”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普及感到…

  定义法可以用来演说“是怎么”的难点,即用一段话来分演讲明某些抽象的定义或具体育赛事物的天性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 大家能够用如下格局来拓展论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 那或然是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

玖.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它差不多从不太多的说…

  例证是为了证实核心而存在的。当核心为理论性或概述的论点时,就须求经过举例或例证来加以帮忙,以说服听者,同时要专注逻辑严峻。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…亟需尤其注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  一. 涉及词语或重点词汇:

1一.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可不可以认

  由此可知,报考博士复试时,获得标题后应立即审题,积极思量,找好切人点,把出口的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐释更具逻辑性。张开的方法就是行使因果法、定义法、例证法等。其余注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交换,牢牢地掀起对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,我们显著要多磨练与人沟通的工夫。祝大家报考硕士复试顺遂,超常发挥,顺遂跻身本身向往的学府!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有啥比那更关键的是…

  根源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

一三.what‘s far more important is that… 更首要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

一.A case in point is … 三个出类拔萃的例子是…

  因果:

二.As is often the case…由于1般情状下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

三.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
可是主题素材并非如此轻巧,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  二. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.For all that…对于这一体…… In spite of the fact that…纵然事实……

  举例:

柒.Further, we hold opinion that… 其它,大家持之以恒以为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

捌.However , the difficulty lies in…但是,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

九.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 一样,大家要留意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于如今时局

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

1二.As has been mentioned above…正如下边所关联的…

  因果:

1三.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从那么些角度上大家能够说

  There are several reasons for…

1肆.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
可是小编辈还得看看事物的1方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

一.I will conclude by saying… 最终自身要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

贰.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…由此,大家有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

三.All things considered,一句话来讲 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

肆.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,以笔者之见,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过上述研商,大家得以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

陆.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数据大家赚取的结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家得以汲取那样的结论

  (三)转

八.From my point of view, it would be better if…在作者眼里……可能更加好

  转折:

肆、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

伍、常用来引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

一.Some people think that … 有个别人感到…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,笔者不能够同意他们的意见,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……一贯被视为……,但明日的情景有相当大的例外。

  (四)合

三.I believe the title statement is valid because…
作者感觉这几个论点是不易的,因为…

  壹. 涉及词汇或首要词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …小编不能完全同意这一意见的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。作者对这几个主题素材的理念如下。

  二. 句型及常用表明结构:

陆.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的上扬,愈来愈多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有二个漫长运营的争持,是不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

八.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它平日是认为…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

九.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就本人来说,笔者完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

十.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在提交笔者的理念在此之前,笔者想有必要看看相互的论据。

  以上那个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来讲都是1对一实用的编慕与著述素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在调查中可见接纳熟悉。

陆、表示比较和自己检查自纠的常用句型和表明法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

7、演绎法常用的句型

一.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有几个原因……,但貌似,他们能够归纳为多少个首要的。

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有众多成分也许占…,但以下是最优良的。

三.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有诸多方法能够消除这些标题,但上边包车型大巴或者是最实用的。

肆.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。壹般的话,那一个优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

四.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家早已学到了重重。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

八.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致超重。

九、段首万能句子

一。关于……人们有不相同的见解。一些人感觉……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

2。俗话说(常言道)……,它是大家前辈的经验,不过,就算在前几天,它在成千上万场馆依然适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

叁。未来,……,它们给大家的平时生活带来了许多有剧毒。首先,……;其次,……更为不好的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

4。今后,……很常见,大多个人喜好……,因为……,其余(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz壹三.cn)它既有方便人民群众的一边,也有不利的一边。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

陆。关于……人们的眼光各差异,壹些人感到(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

柒。人类正面临着3个严重的主题材料……,这一个主题材料变得更为严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

八。……已产生人的关爱的火热话题,越发是在年青人中间,将掀起热烈的论争。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

九。……在我们的经常生活中起着特别主要的功用,它给我们带来了不少便宜,但与此同时也迷惑部分严重的难点。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。依据图片/数字/总括数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够看到……很明朗……,可是怎么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

10、中间段落万能句子

壹。相反,有1些人扶助……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

二。不过,作者感觉那不是化解……的好方式,比如……最倒霉的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

三。……对我们国家的前进和建设是不能缺少的,(也是)分外首要的。首先,……而且……,最根本的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

四。有几个可供大家秉承的法子。首先,我们能够……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面临……,大家应当选用一名目许多有效的秘技来……壹方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

陆。早就应该拿出游动了。比如说……,别的……全部那个主意自然会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

七。为啥……?第2个原因是……;第3个原因是……;第三个原因是……总的来讲,……的显要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

8。但是,正如任何事物都有高低四个地方同样,……也有它的不利的单向,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

9。即便如此,小编相信……更有益于。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……这种思想(陈述),首要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十一、结尾万能句子

一。至于自己,在某种程度上自家同意后边的见识,小编认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

二。简单的说,整个社会应有精心关注……那一个主题素材。唯有这样,大家能力在以往……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

三。可是,……和……都有它们分其余优势(好处)。例如,……,而……但是,把那三头相相比,笔者更赞成于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

四。就自身个人来讲,笔者信任……,因此,笔者坚信美好的前景正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的腾飞,……由此,热切供给……如果每种人都愿为社会进献自已的壹份力量,这几个社会将要变得愈加好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

陆。至于本身(对自家来讲,就小编来讲),小编以为……更合理。只有如此,大家技艺……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

7。对笔者的话,小编以为有不可缺少……原因如下:第三,……;
第一,……;最终……但同样首要的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

八。在全部上很难说……是好也许坏,因为它在十分大程度上取决……的地形。然则,就自个儿个人来说,作者发现……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

九。综上所述,大家得以领略地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

十。借使大家不选取有效的不二等秘书诀,就或者调节不了那种势头,就会出现部分竟然的不良后果,所以,大家应有做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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